Also published on this date: Shelf Awareness for Wednesday, October 3, 2012

Wednesday, October 3, 2012: Kids' Maximum Shelf: Jepp, Who Defied the Stars


Hyperion: Jepp, Who Defied the Stars by Katherine Marsh

Hyperion: Jepp, Who Defied the Stars by Katherine Marsh

Hyperion: Jepp, Who Defied the Stars by Katherine Marsh

Hyperion: Jepp, Who Defied the Stars by Katherine Marsh

Jepp, Who Defied the Stars

by Katherine Marsh

Katherine Marsh's (The Night Tourist) captivating tale transports readers to 16th-century Astraveld, in the Netherlands, and places us in the shoes of 15-year-old Jepp, a dwarf with a loving innkeeper mother and an unknown father. Jepp searches the faces of the inn's guests to see if one of them might be his father. (He's already ruled out townsfolk men.) Then one night Don Diego arrives in town. He is a man of means, and when Jepp asks him if he knows his father, Don (as Jepp comes to call him) denies any such knowledge. But he does make Jepp an offer, to take him to the Infanta's court--"to see the world, and learn your place in it," as his mother tells him by way of encouragement.

Where Jepp was raised in Astraveld free to roam and pursue his own interests, at the royal court (the Infanta is a descendent of the Hapsburgs in Spain), he's forced to pop out of pies and play the buffoon. He comes to think of it as a "counterfeit paradise." But he also meets others like himself for the first time. Pim, one of the (normal-sized) court favorites, invites Jepp to be part of a dance lesson with Lia, a golden-haired dwarf with the voice of a songbird. Lia dances beautifully and Pim gently corrects her steps, and focuses all of his attentions on her. Jepp quickly surmises that Pim plans to make Jepp the clown with two left feet and asks Lia to give him private lessons so he can dance well, too. In the process, Jepp falls in love with Lia, and they form a friendship and confide in each other. Their friendship remains chaste, but teenaged Lia becomes pregnant. Jepp is crushed. A gnawing suspicion begins to grow in Jepp's conscience. And Jepp worries for Lia's well-being. Lia enlists Jepp's help to escape the court and sets in motion a sequence of events that forever changes him.

Marsh's exquisite writing achieves a formality of language that hints at antiquity without sacrificing accessibility. Her use of the cutaway from Jepp's present journey to past events that led him on this road, "imprisoned" in a coach, helps build suspense and allows us to watch as his life experiences and maturity chip away at his small-town innocence and innate sense of trust.

The author divides the book in three parts, and in the second part, the flashbacks cease--readers become immersed in Jepp's present. His coach's destination is the estate of Lord Tycho Brahe, an odd fellow with a prosthetic nose, who becomes an unlikely champion for Jepp, inviting him into his laboratory with the other scholars. "What I first took to be sorcery is actually science, man's own magic," Jepp observes.

Through Jepp, readers experience the dawning of the ideas at the root of the Renaissance, where science and art commingle. Tycho's daughter, Magdalene, creates the astrology charts for courts across Europe, and Tycho and his team of scientists track the coordinates of stars in the sky. Eventually, Jepp earns the task of cleaning the celestial globe, the map of the heavens where Tycho and the scientists record their discoveries of the stars. "I gently touch the stars," Jepp thinks, "wondering if they hold my fate or whether holding them, as I do now, allows me to create my own."

And this is the central question for Jepp. While Jepp believes human beings make our own fates, Magdalene believes the stars determine our course. As the story progresses, they come to respect one another, and open up to the possibilities of the other's point of view. Because her father married for love, not station, Magdalene cannot take her father's name nor inherit his lands. Like Jepp, she knows what it means to have no true place in society.

Marsh creates a world in which science and faith in humankind's possibilities rest side by side, and not always peacefully. She places Jepp at the heart of these shifts, and allows him to truly experience them; as he tells Magdalene, "Is not our capacity to choose, to chase, to dream of becoming other than we are, more powerful than the patterns of the stars?" Even as Jepp continues his search for his father and true heritage, readers will feel confident that whatever he discovers, he has seen the world and will find his place in it. His story may be set in 16th-century Europe, but his journey is timeless. --Jennifer M. Brown

Hyperion Books, $16.99, hardcover, 382p., ages 12-18, 9781423135005

Hyperion: Jepp, Who Defied the Stars by Katherine Marsh


Katherine Marsh: Fate and Free Will

Katherine Marsh was born exactly as charted by an astrologer whom her mother, then 30, consulted back in the 1960s. The astrologer predicted that her mother would have a girl late in life, and that she'd be a Scorpio. Marsh struggled with the idea of fate but also believed she could make her own decisions. "That struggle was something I wanted to write about," said Marsh. "I did some research and discovered there was this time when science and astrology were one and the same." That time is the 16th-century setting for Jepp, Who Defied the Stars.

Did you base Jepp on a historical person?

Yes. I became fascinated with Tycho Brahe (pronounced TEAK-o BRA-hay). He had a castle with running water, which no one else had, a prosthetic nose and a dwarf jester named Jepp. I thought, he'd be such an interesting observer of this world. As a dwarf, he'd believe in fate and his life being determined by his form. Jepp is a footnote [in Brahe's story], but that's a great entry as a novelist.

Tell us more about Tycho.

He was both an astrologer and an astronomer. He drew up charts for the King of Denmark. He also struggled with fate and free will. Jepp discovers a book Tycho had written, in which he finds "Elegy to Urania." In it, Tycho writes, "few will take the way of the mind on earth,/ So, very few can bend the heavenly force." That really is Tycho's poem. He really struggled himself with these issues. He struggled with alchemy, too. He was smack in the middle of this debate.

That also goes to the heart of the Renaissance, doesn't it?

I wanted to capture that feeling of awe, the scene when Jepp gets to go up to the observatory--that moment of discovery, seeing the heavens.

For Jepp, that's the moment when science and faith intersect.

As I was writing the book, I thought, "This is a quirky personal story," but there are still these resonances that we're grappling with today, these questions of science and faith that we wrestle with. Getting back to astrology, there's the question of how to live in an uncertain world. For Jepp. If you accept some of the science and get away from some of the faith, you realize there's wholeness in the universe. How do you look at the world with a clear eye and still find comfort in it?

The story starts out with this question of who Jepp's father is. It's a search for a father, then a much larger search: What do our origins say about who we are and what we can be?

How did you find Jepp's narrative voice? The syntax is just antiquated enough so we know that he's from another time, yet it's still accessible.

I first just sat down and tried to write from his perspective and get it in my head. It is a first-person book and he carries it. I went off into the etymological dictionary, and I tried not to use words that came into use after 1600. I also read some of Tycho's letters and used them when I was composing letters between Jepp and Magdalene.

How did you land on the idea of flashbacks to fill in life before Jepp arrives at Tycho's household?

I wanted to pull people right into it: Here's Jepp, he's in trouble, and he doesn't know where he's going. At the point we meet him, he's had some education, he's seen the larger world, he's had some disappointments. The first part of the book is largely flashback, though we see him moving toward something. The second part is the heart of the book. I wanted to get to Tycho's castle. There I felt I could slow down and be in the present. The third part ties up all the threads of the first two.

Tell us about Magdalene Brahe, Tycho's daughter.

Magdalene is an interesting mix of being bold and unconventional, yet she has an inner terror of being displaced. She's spent her life on this island, in a way she's less experienced than Jepp. She's a huge help to him because she has a confidence he doesn't. I wanted there to be a first love, Lia, and a second love that's deeper, richer and more surprising. First love, it turns out you're more in love with your idea of that person--you're more in love with yourself than the other person. In the beginning he doesn't like Magdalene. The intellectual sparks call up the romantic ones. They don't agree. That's what makes them such an interesting couple.

Magdalene's comment to Jepp regarding Lia's fate--"If you love someone, you must believe that they know what is best for themselves"--gives Jepp permission to forgive himself.

One of the other themes of the book is this idea of forgiveness. There are a lot of wonderful things in the world, and it's uncertain, but if you go in with compassion and forgiveness, there's much to look forward to. Growing up is about making mistakes. And Jepp forgives others, but he has to also forgive himself. I want readers to debate a lot of things, debate the ending, debate did Jepp do the right thing by Lia? Closure and forgiveness are important for Jepp, regardless of whether you think he did something wrong or not.

Magdalene also asks Jepp, "Is it not our imperfections that forge our characters?"

That's the moment when he accepts being a dwarf. He grew up in a loving household and he didn't see himself differently. But as he gets older, he feels a sense of alienation. When he starts to see that as a strength, it's a turning point. Your weaknesses are your strengths, and your strengths are your weaknesses. One of the things I do like about astrology is this idea that even if you have a good chart, it can make you an indolent person, and if you have a weak chart, you develop strengths to overcome them. Everybody has fate, in that you're born into a set of circumstances, certain parents, certain things out of your realm of control. How you deal with those challenges is the important, relevant question. --Jennifer M. Brown

author photo: Julian E. Barnes


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