Elechi Amadi, "one of the founding generation of African novelists in English," died June 29. He was 82. The Guardian reported that his work "was greatly admired by his fellow writers in Nigeria, and he had a large readership throughout Africa, but undeservedly he did not attain the wider international reputation of Chinua Achebe or Wole Soyinka."
His books include the trilogy The Concubine, The Great Ponds and The Slave; as well as Sunset in Biafra, Estrangement, Isiburu, The Dancer of Johannesburg, and the essay collection Ethics in Nigerian Literature. In 2003, he was made a Member of the Order of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, his nation's highest honor.
Ernst Nolte, "a German revisionist historian who broke academic taboos by equating Nazism with Bolshevism and who was denounced as an apologist for Hitler and even the Holocaust," died August 18, the New York Times reported. He was 93. His books include Three Faces of Fascism, Germany & the Cold War, and Historical Thinking in the 20th Century.