|photo: Penni Gladstone|
Katherine Seligman has been a staff writer at the San Francisco Chronicle Magazine and a reporter for the San Francisco Examiner and USA Today. Her stories have appeared in Redbook, Life, Time, Al Jazeera America and the anthology Fresh Takes. She is a member of the San Francisco Writers' Grotto and loves working in clay. Her debut novel, At the Edge of the Haight (Algonquin; reviewed below), is the 10th winner of the PEN/Bellwether Prize for Socially Engaged Fiction.
What event or person inspired this story?
One night my husband and I were driving home through Golden Gate Park and this man threw himself in front of our car, saying, "Help, don't leave me." We stopped and called the police. He was pointing, and they shone the light over there, and there was a body on the ground. My husband, who's been an ER doctor, ran over to see if there was anything he could do, and what he saw was this kid gasping for his last breath. They arrested the man who'd stopped us, and nothing ever happened to him. Because there were two witnesses, and one was dead. I tried to find out what had happened, asking questions of people who had been living in the park, and I just wasn't getting anywhere. One of the cops said to me, "We have no idea what happened, but neither of these guys was up to any good." And I just started thinking about this kid who died, and what his life had been like. That was what started it off. I had always talked to people on the streets who were traveling through or living here, but I started doing it with a new purpose, and I just started writing.
How are journalism and novel-writing alike and different?
I started out writing fiction in college and a year or two after college, and then went into journalism because I really didn't have any idea what I wanted to write about. I felt like I was manufacturing things. I continued as a journalist, but never gave up the idea of writing fiction. I wrote two novels before this that are still drafts, and when I got to this one, I felt like I had learned more. It just carried me through the process. I think the natural curiosity and the rhythm of having deadlines and sitting down and knowing that you have to write helped me. I did have a great desire to do it, and some background, but there are some land mines for journalists who write fiction. I can see them in my work, and in other works. You can enter into research rapture, and think everything is so interesting, when it's not important.
What makes a good protagonist?
Someone who inhabits a world so completely that we believe it. It doesn't always have to be somebody that you really like or trust, as we know--there are so many books where we completely doubt or dislike the protagonist. But there has to be some element of belief in what this character is doing, and the character has to be revealed in some way. There has to be something that is driving them, often some big discovery, something the reader learns about the protagonist.
What happens inside Maddy is often as important as what happens outside. Why?
I played with writing from a close third person, and from two and then three points of view, but I came around to the first person, inside her head, because I really wanted to show how someone could get into a situation like this. That someone you see on the street often isn't so different from your own child, or your sister. I know people say that, but I actually believe that that's true. I really wanted a first-person voice that felt like she was learning while she was going. She didn't know everything. That's someone who we could look at and find some level of understanding of what she was going through, because there are a lot of things about herself that she doesn't know. She's so hurt. She's somebody who really wants to hide, which I think is a fairly common human trait. I think there are a lot of people who go through life with so many secrets, trying to hide.
Did you do research specifically for this novel?
I did a number of stories over the years on various homeless issues, and a couple about what was going on in my own neighborhood, raising children, and why we stayed in the Haight.
I went to the hospital and sat and watched people come in. I spent a lot of time in the courts. I went and watched the disposition of cases of homeless people who'd been arrested and listened to how they were treated. The police were very generous, talking to me from their perspective. I did additional research, but in a different way than I did as a journalist, more talking and absorbing. There were a couple of kids who were very generous in spending time with me, answering questions about what it felt like to be awakened at 4 and 5 in the morning when they were sleeping in the park. A lot of the things that happened in the book, not the specific plot but some of the details, are things that actually happened. This neighborhood is so full of color and life. You just never know when you'll find somebody walking a chicken on a leash down the street. There was actually a young woman many years ago who had a rat that she kept in her sleeve, and she taught it--she'd give it a juice box and it would drink through the straw. She told me what went into training this rat, and it was great.
What message do you hope readers take away from this story?
I hope that people will realize that someone who you walk by has a very full life story, just as you do. I don't mean it in any finger-shaking kind of way, but I believe that our lives are richer when we open our eyes to what's around us. It doesn't matter where you live. And I realize that some people feel threatened, and there are really complicated things going on out there on the street. We have to have basic respect for people who are living on our streets, and they have to have respect for the neighborhood. I hope people will open their eyes and realize there's a person out there who might have a lot in common with you and your family. Just be open to that. And there are many people with drug and alcohol problems who can be violent, but for the most part they're people whose lives have strayed from what we consider typical, and who find themselves on the street. In my neighborhood often there are travelers and seekers who are following something that they think is going to be magical.
I didn't set out to write about homelessness per se; it was just this idea that you walk by people every day and you have no idea who they are, what they're hiding, what their lives are like. I guess that's what interests most novelists. I can just look across the street in somebody's window and think, huh. What's going on over there? And I think we all have that element of make-believe. --Julia Kastner, librarian and blogger at pagesofjulia